The fuse to the First World War was lit in the Balkans where simmering hatreds exploded into violence. Like a string of firecrackers, these hatreds had been fuelled by attacks on the Turkish Ottoman Empire in the previous few years. From 1911-1912, Italy seized Libya. In 1912, the Balkan states united to drive Turkey out of Europe in the First Balkan War, and in the following year in the Second Balkan War, turned on each other in a division of the spoils which allowed Turkey to retain a foothold in Europe. This was a war of land campaigns, sea battles and amphibious operations in which the new military technology was first used. Submarine and aircraft attacked ships, aircraft made reconnaissance flights and bombed troops while even electronic warfare was used.
It also saw mirror images of the events in the First World War; Bulgarians driven from Salonika where an Allied army would later be contained and Turkish troops held back in the Dardanelles, their guns driving off a naval task force. These now forgotten wars were the overture to the First World War and yet they have overtones a century later. The First World War saw echoes of these campaigns in Salonika and especially in the Dardanelles, while the ethnic tensions would erupt into further bloodshed after the Cold War ended as Yugoslavia collapsed during the 1990s.
E. R. Hooton was a defence journalist for twenty-eight years and has written for most of the major publications on a wide variety of subjects. The author has written some twelve books mostly on aviation history including several on the Luftwaffe and the first history of air operations over the Western Front in some fifty years. In addition, Hooton has written on the Chinese Civil War, the Tanker War and Russian operations during the Purges. He is a member of the British Commission for Military History and the Royal United Services Institution.
Dimensions: 234 x 156 mm
Illustrations: 36 b/w photographs